Occupational hazards are one of the most serious security problems at work. Although it all depends on the sector itself and the company in particular since not all of them have the same kinds of incidents or the same possibilities of suffering them, those companies and offices that have contracted workers must have a complete security plan that helps to prevent problems and explain the protocol to follow if they occur. At the same time, there must be a memory in which data on the incidents that have occurred are collected to take complementary measures.
By law, all companies must have a specific document that establishes the steps that must be followed to guarantee safety in the workplace and the individual and collective measures that must be taken into account to avoid any risk. In turn, this plan should also monitor the measures and establish the type of training that employees should receive to ensure a safer environment.
Those that we show you below are some of the specific elements included in a security plan. In any case, it must be taken into account that these must be adapted to the sector and the work environment itself. Therefore, some of them are not relevant, or others appear that need to be incorporated.
The security plan: keys to its preparation
- Individual responsibility: The safety plan must contemplate the workers’ responsibility towards the protective equipment that the company provides to each of them.
- Joint Occupational Health and Safety Committee: There must be an organization that knows how to improve the workforce’s safety and health in terms of prevention. Small companies often use external services, although large companies can also lower costs without sacrificing security.
- Health and safety rules: The company must establish the specific rules that must be followed to make the environment safer. These standards must be known to workers, and the organization must ensure their disclosure.
- Correct work procedures: Employees, especially newer ones, must follow the processes that have been established in the plan. The staff themselves and superiors have to make sure of this, although extraordinary supervision measures can also be established.
- Employee orientation: Orientation and explanations never hurt and allow employees to improve their company’s attitude towards safety.
- Training: The training of workers involves investing in specific training that gives them the knowledge and skills they require to work safely.
- Accident report and investigation: The safety plan must have a memory that includes the accidents that have occurred, their causes, and also an analysis that determines how to prevent them in the future by changing those aspects that may have originated them.
- Emergency procedures: It is necessary to establish specific protocols that must be followed when an accident occurs or a health problem that requires urgent intervention.
As you can see, many elements must be considered when drawing up a prevention and safety plan. However, having it well developed will help you prevent accidents and increase your staff’s productivity because the risks that cause casualties in the workplace, which affect the performance of the company, will be reduced.